The city

Burriana was founded by the Moors in the 9th century, and it was them who named it Medina Alhadra or “green village”. This muslim city covered about 3 hectares, was surrounded by a circular wall enhanced with forty towers and two strongholds. It was quite a prosper location, as it was the center of an “amal” or district.

 

On July 16th 1233, after a two-month-long siege, Jaime I entered Burriana. Seizing Medina Alhadra was the beginning of the future Kingdom of Valencia's military campaign, and one of the most important deeds in the history of Valencia. Once the 7,000 moors residing in the “amal” had been banished, the resettlement began, and it was carried out with families from Tortosa and the south of Aragon.

 

In 1236, Jaime I had his wife, Na Violant d'Hongria, come and settle her court in Burriana. From that time of grandeur still linger remnants, such as the old farm belonging to the order of Calatrava, located halfway between the city and the sea. The monarch grated the village the Carta Puebla on November 1st of the year of the conquest.

 

In 1339, King Pere IV el Ceremonioso rewarded Burriana's loyalty by equaling its privileges to those of the city of Valencia and on the year 1347 he gave it its own flag. In 1363, drawing on the presence of the monarch, the local authorities request the construction of a tower for the city.

 

In 1594, the City Hall agrees to present the Orden de la Merced (Order of mercy) with the Ermita de San Mateo, a hermitage located outside the city walls.

 

Burriana kept its urban structure and a populations similar to that of the previous three centuries up until the end of the 17th century, but the beginning of the 18th century arrived with a growth in the population, which reached 5,000 inhabitants. The most significant doors to the city were demolished so as to begin construction on the outskirts of town. That's when the suburbs of el Mar and Valencia were born.

 

In 1736, the convent belonging to the Orden de la Merced was made into the Seminario de Misiones del Reino (seminary of the missions for the kingdom). An outstanding reform was done on the building, and it went from old hermitage to new church.

 

Burriana had traditionally lived on unirrigated lands, and this way of harvesting the land survived up to the massive introduction of the orange tree, in the 19th century. The rise in commerce and the wealth it brought led to the construction of a great deal of buildings, all of them within the trending architectural style of eclecticism.

 

Many orange merchants decided to show their newfound status by renovating their homes, which they rebuilt or redecorated in the latest European fashion.

 

With the 20th century came Modernism, and the building frenzy reached its peak, providing the city with a unique architectural interest.

 

In the 30s, Modernism gave in to modern architecture.

 

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